Almost five times as many men hold elected office in the United States then women. The United States currently ranks 95th in the world in the number of women serving in their national legislatures. We are behind Mexico, China and Pakistan. New Mexico's State Legislature ranks fourteenth in the nation with 27% of legislative seats held by women. The state has slipped in the rankings since 2001-2003, when New Mexico was ranked seventh.
But perhaps even more significant than gender parity, women have a different understanding on needs in policy areas such as healthcare, transportation, education and jobs. Women in elected office bring new perspectives to issues, which increases the likelihood of conceiving and implementing effective and just solutions to social, economic, and environmental problems. After all, women represent over half of the world’s skills, knowledge, and talents.
Emerge America Advisory Board member Dr. Jennifer Lawless serves as the director of the Women & Politics Institute at American University. She is a nationally recognized expert on women's involvement in politics. She and Richard L. Fox co-wrote the book, It Still Takes a Candidate: Why Women Don't Run for Office, Men Rule: The Continued Under-Representation of Women in U.S. Politics, and the more recent report, Girls Just Wanna Not Run: The Gender Gap in Young Americans' Political Ambition. She has also published numerous articles in political science journals and has issued several policy reports on the barriers that impede women’s candidate emergence.
The only systematic, nationwide empirical account of the manner in which gender affects political ambition, Dr. Lawless’ research shows:
- Women, even in the highest tiers of professional accomplishment, are substantially less likely than men to demonstrate ambition to seek elective office.
- Women are less likely than men to be recruited to run for office and are less likely than men to think they are qualified to run for office.
- Women are less likely than men to express a willingness to run for office in the future.
- This gender gap in political ambition persists across generations and over time.
- Despite cultural evolution and society's changing attitudes toward women in politics, running for public office remains a much less attractive and feasible endeavor for women than for men.
- Even with the emergence over the past ten years of high-profile women in politics, the gap between women and men's interest in running for office is the same today as it was a decade ago.